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基因变异

基因变异是什么意思

词语翻译

词语说明

基因变异是指基因组DNA分子发生的突然的可遗传的变异。从分子水平上看,基因变异是指基因在结构上发生碱基对组成或排列顺序的改变。基因虽然十分稳定,能在细胞分裂时精确地复制自己,但这种稳定性是相对的。在一定的条件下基因也可以从原来的存在形式突然改变成另一种新的存在形式,就是在一个位点上,突然出现了一个新基因,代替了原有基因。......查看完整说明

使用场景

  • 乙肝 s基因变异
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  • 拟等位基因 拷贝数变异
  • 染色体变异易位和基因重组
  • csol基因变异
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  • pten基因变异
  • 动物基因变异的样子
  • 蜘蛛侠是属于基因变异
  • 先天肿瘤是基因变异吗
  • 基因变异智力有没影响
  • 内源基因变异不包括
  • 母亲基因组中存在拷贝数变异
  • 基因变异的人影片
  • 叶酸基因变异阳性
  • 基因变异成蛇女的漫画
  • 基因突变 重组 染色体变异
  • 靶向治疗基因检测未检测到一级变异
  • 如何使用sift分析基因变异

双语翻译

  • 1: 遗传分析发现,她们有一种共同的基因变异

    Genetic analyses spotted one gene variation common to them both.

  • 2: 例如,很多灵长类动物不能合成维生素C,因为基因变异了。

    For instance, many primates cannot make vitamin C, because of a gene mutation.

  • 3: 此外,大家认为至少可以适度控制基因变异造成的影响。

    Again, where I think there is at least a moderate impact from genetic variation.

  • 4: 当然,这些新的基因变异种类还有不足。

    Of course even this new list comes up short.

  • 5: 入境延期病人中发现基因变异

    Genetic difference found in people with immigration-delay disease.

  • 6: 就是说可能是基因变异

    This might be genetic mutation.

  • 7: 对一两个常见基因变异进行测试仅仅是第一步。

    Testing for one or two common genetic variants is just the first step.

  • 8: 但是人们是否愿意对s/s基因变异进行测试呢?

    But would people want to be tested for the s/s gene variant?

  • 9: 大家发现的基因变异值得通过独立队列进行进一步分析。

    The gene variants we discovered are worthy of further analysis in independent cohorts.

  • 10: 研究者设想是一种罕见的基因变异导致了这种情况。

    Researchers had thought a rare genetic abnormality causes the condition.

  • 11: 大部分有关癌症的基因变异还尚未被发现,他说。

    Most of the genetic alternations associated with cancer have yet to be discovered, he said.

  • 12: 镰形细胞(贫血)症是一种血液疾病,是由于某种基因变异引起的。

    Sickle cell disease is a blood disorder due to a single genetic mutation.

  • 13: 瑞德先生,马丁说:“我想燕子可能是个基因变异。”

    Mrs Ryder"s husband, Martyn, said: "I think she is just a genetic anomaly."

  • 14: 这些基因变异都不会直接危及生命。

    None of those genetic variations are immediately life threatening.

  • 15: 现就近年来乳腺癌易感基因的遗传学研究及基因变异的筛查技术进展作一综述。

    This review will address the research advancement in genetic studies of breast cancer suscept…

  • 16: 这类基因变异通常发生在女性身上。

    The mutations were found mostly in women.

  • 17: 目的从基因变异角度研究HBV隐匿性感染的分子机制。

    Objective To study the molecular mechanism of HBV occult infection.

  • 18: 有人主张是基因变异

    Some speculate that it is a genetic mutation.

  • 19: 研究人员说,豪饮啤酒又基因变异的人罹患胃癌风险高

    Heavy Beer Drinking, Genetics May Raise Risk of Stomach Cancer

  • 20: 这些基因和变异到目前为止只有很少一部分是知道的。

    Only very few of these genes and variants are known to date.

  • 21: 本课题选择了ATM基因进行研究,以期探明子宫内膜癌患者的ATM基因的变异情况。

    This task research the ATM gene to found the gene mutation of ATM gene.

  • 22: 什么是正常的基因组变异?

    What is normal genome variation?

  • 23: 答案是基因随机变异,这一点儿不讨人喜欢。

    The unflattering answer could be for no other reason than random genetic drift.

  • 24: 带有这种变异基因组合的人被称为“LL”携带者。

    People with this variant combination are dubbed "LL" carriers.

  • 25: 但是,当P53基因一旦变异,就失去了这种保护作用。

    But when the p53 gene is mutated, the protection is gone.

  • 26: 他找到了该基因出现了变异形式的证据。 。

    He found evidence of mutated forms of the gene.

  • 27: 但为什么这些基因会发生变异呢?。

    But why do those genes mutate in the first place?

  • 28: 当那个变异的基因复制到白鼠身上时,白鼠们也睡眠时间很短。

    When that genetic tweak was replicated in mice, they slept less too.

  • 29: 基因突变(变异)过去一直是,将来也还是生命现象中的基本现实存在。

    Mutation has been and always will be an essential fact of life.

  • 30: 如生活方式、自然力量、减少基因变异的行为;还有一些促进这个进程的行为。

    Some lifestyles, and some forces of nature, act to reduce genetic variation; others act to promote it.

  • 31: 结论所检测基因突变为亲代遗传,而非个体基因变异

    Conclusion The gene mutations detected were the parental generation, rather than individual genovariation.

  • 32: 科学家能够在一种老鼠的身上复制这一基因变异,结果发现,这种老鼠需要的睡眠时间也比平常少了。

    The scientists were able to replicate the gene variation in a strain of mice and found that the mice needed less sleep than usual, too.

  • 33: 此研究在35种编码血压调节作用蛋白的基因中发现了48种基因变异,或叫做多态性。

    The study yielded 48 different genetic variations, or polymorphisms, on 35 different genes that encode proteins involved in blood pressure regulation.

  • 34: 科学家们已经发现了一种可能是引起亨廷顿舞蹈病的基因变异

    Scientists have found a genetic mutation that appears to be the cause of Huntington"s disease.

  • 35: 科学家认为,就是这种让人长不高的基因变异保护他们免受这些疾病侵袭。

    The team thought this protection might come from the same gene mutation that made these people so small.

  • 36: IHA为主要类型,发病与异常的促醛固酮分泌因子的增加及基因变异有关。

    The etiology of IHA, the main subtype, is related with increased abnormal aldosterone excreted factor and genovariation.

  • 37: 发展中的可变性,受损的语言,基因变异的证据。继续上节课的讨论,但也可考虑后续课程内容。

    Variability in development, impaired language, evidence for genetic variation. Continuation of the discussion from lasts meeting, but will also consider the following.

  • 38: 方法:按WHO规定的原理和方法进行:对流感流行株、抗原和基因变异以及血清抗体和病毒多病原实行监测。

    Methods:According to the principle and methods of the WHO stipulation, the influenza epidemic strains, antigen, gene variation, serum antibody and virus multi-pathogen were monitored.

  • 39: 研究人员正在招募更多的候选对象并希翼从中发现更多的共同基因变异

    The researchers are recruiting more candidates and hope to find more gene variations they have in common.

  • 40: 大家祖先的一个基因变异使得他们的后代拥有能够容纳更大的大脑的头骨。

    A genetic mutation in our recent ancestors caused their descendants to have roomy skulls that accommodated larger brains.

  • 41: 人们还希翼通过研究不同人的不同基因变异能帮助医生明白为什么有些人比其他人更容易受到心脏病的影响。

    It is also hoped that studying different variations of the gene in different people will help doctors discover why some people are more susceptible to heart trouble than others.

  • 42: 去年发表的研究发现三个基因变异有可能使某些口吃的罪魁祸首。

    Research published last year identified mutations in three genes that likely contribute to some cases of stuttering.

  • 43: 真正原因就在于进化过程中基因(更准确的说,某些基因变异)的选择。

    The real cause lies elsewhere, in the selection of our genes (or more precisely of certain genetic variations) in the course of evolution.

  • 44: 目的:经家系分析探索多发性外生性骨疣的相关基因变异

    Objective To explore the disease-associated gene mutation of multiple exostoses by family analysis.

  • 45: 对那些喜欢以高个子为主角的奇谈故事的人来说,决定人类身高的基因变异种类突然井喷般增加了很多。

    For those of you who love a tall tale, the list of genetic variations that determine human height has just experienced a growth spurt.

  • 46: 在这个过程中,有一部分基因变异会损失掉。但是这无所谓,因为精子和卵子很快就会融合。

    Some genetic variation is lost in the process, but it doesn’t matter, since sperm and egg soon fuse.

  • 47: 冰岛是一个研究基因变异和与其有关的疾病的理想地方,因为它的人种非常单一,移民很有限。

    Iceland is an ideal place to study the link between genetic variations and diseases, as its population is ethnically homogenous and immigration has been limited.

  • 48: 剩下的75%几乎由更为少见的基因变异所控制。

    The remaining 75% is almost certainly governed by rarer genetic variations.

  • 49: 有种说法是一只特定的知更鸟因为基因变异,在躲避被猫抓捕时比另外的知更鸟更难被抓住。

    The notion that one particular robin might, due to a genetic mutation, be better than other robins at evading capture by cats is difficult to grasp.

  • 50: 本文就HBV基因变异的最新研究进展与临床意义加以阐述。

    The review concerns the latest research progress in HBV gene variation and clinical significance.

  • 51: “大家认为,就基因变异而言,或对真正活到老年来说很重要的组合而言,百岁老人实际上非常强健。”波尔斯说。

    "We think centenarians are going to be really powerful when it comes to genetic variations or combinations that are important to living to really old age, " says Perls.

  • 52: 一项新研究表明,基因变异导致一些人生来无指纹

    A genetic mutation causes people to be born without fingerprints, a new study says.

  • 53: 所有15名妇女她们的搭档没有囊性纤维瘤基因变异,她们除了没有成功受孕外,其余指标均正常。

    All 15 women had partners without the CF gene mutation and, apart from failing to conceive, other indicators of fertility were normal.

  • 54: 《蛹》提出了可能缘于核战争的基因变异这个话题;而在《海龙苏醒》中,海平面不断上升导致了世界被淹没。

    The Chrysalids tackles the idea of genetic mutation, possibly caused by nuclear war, and The Kraken Wakes tells of a world drowned by rising sea levels.

  • 55: 这一细节让他们作出结论:可能是遗传获得的非编码DNA序列、而不是基因变异才使得最大部分的转录因子结合位置发生变化。

    This detail led them to conclude that inherited non-coding DNA sequences – not mutations in genes – may drive the lion"s share of differences in where transcription factors attach.

  • 56: 尽管如此,目前互联网上已经在向那些有钱人推销检测基因变异的基因测试法。

    Despite this, genetic tests for this gene variant are currently being marketed on the internet for those who can afford them.

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